In plants, GH3 proteins act as molecular on/off switches that control bioactive plant hormone formation by catalyzing the addition of specific amino acids to jasmonic acid, auxin, and benzoates. X-ray structures of GH3 proteins reveal a common three-dimensional fold but variability in the hormone binding site. This figure shows the variation in the jasmonic acid binding site of Arabidopsis thaliana GH3.11/JAR1 (gold) and the salicylic acid binding site of A. thaliana GH3.12/PBS3 (green).
Westfall, C. S., et al. 2012. “Structural Basis for Prereceptor Modulation of Plant Hormones by GH3 Proteins,” Science 336, 1708–11. DOI: 10.1126/science.1221863