Scientists are providing the clearest view yet of an intact bacterial microcompartment, revealing the structure and assembly of the organelle’s protein shell at atomic-level resolution. They studied the “photogenic” organelle shell of an ocean-dwelling slime bacteria Haliangium ochraceum. Providing the first view of the shell of an intact bacterial organelle membrane, this full structural view can help provide important information for beneficial use in fighting pathogens or bioengineering bacterial organelles. The research team said these organelles, or bacterial microcompartments (BMCs), are used by some bacteria to fix carbon dioxide. Thus, understanding how the microcompartment membrane is assembled, as well as how it lets some compounds pass through while impeding others, could contribute to research in enhancing carbon fixation and, more broadly, bioenergy. This class of organelles also helps many types of pathogenic bacteria metabolize compounds that are not available to normal, nonpathogenic microbes, giving the pathogens a competitive advantage.
Sutter, M., et al. “Assembly Principles and Structure of a 6.5-MDa Bacterial Microcompartment Shell.” Science 23(6344), 1293–1297 (2017). [DOI:10.1126/science.aan3289].
Instruments and Facilities Used: Michigan State University–DOE Plant Research Laboratory and the Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource.